Cannabis is also known as marijuana, pot, or weed. There are two main types of cannabis plant: sativa and indica. The cannabis plant contains a number of chemical compounds called cannabinoids that may affect the brain and other parts of the body’s nervous system.
Parts of the cannabis plant that may be consumed include the leaves, flowers, and buds. Cannabis can be consumed in a number of ways, including can be smoked, vaporized, applied to the skin, cooked in food, or brewed into tea. Cannabis can be used for medical and non-medical purposes.
The most researched cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is responsible for the high and intoxication effects. THC has some therapeutic effects, but it can also have harmful effects. Harmful effects may be greater when the strength of THC is higher. Cannabidiol (CBD) is another type of cannabinoid. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a high or intoxication. It may be used for its therapeutic effects.
Growing cannabis plants at home is legal. Adults 19+ can grow up to four non-medical cannabis plants per household. These plants cannot be grown in a space that is visible from a public place, like parks, streets, sidewalks, sports fields, and K-12 school properties. For example, you can grow plants on your balcony, or in your yard, as long as they’re not visible from a public place.
Growing cannabis at home is banned in homes used as licensed child care. Landlords and strata corporations can further restrict or prohibit growing non-medical cannabis on their properties. Local and Indigenous government can also further restrict growing non-medical cannabis at home under existing powers to establish bylaws.
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